information on the general conditions of application contact ELTE
Bölcsészettudományi Kar Doktori és Tudományszervezési Hivatal
at Múzeum krt. 4/a, I/119, H-1088 Budapest. Tel.: (36-1) 485-5250,
485-5200/5176, 5164; fax.: 485-5200/5183; e-mail: email@example.com
or Irodalomtudományi Doktori Iskola, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
relating directly to the Programme should be addressed to ELTE
School of English and American Studies, Department of English
Studies, Ajtósi Dürer sor 19, H-1146 Budapest. Tel.: (36-1) 460-4400;
460-4407; fax: (36-1) 460-4430; e-mail: email@example.com
must take an oral admission examination in English and American
literature, criticism and theory of the nineteenth and twentieth
centuries, and must also demonstrate some familiarity with literary
studies in general. There is no written examination.
Oral examination requirements
examination material comprises and somewhat exceeds the M.A. requirements
of the Loránd Eötvös University (hereafter ELTE), but it is for
the applicant to choose, in accordance with his/her field of interest,
the area where his/her knowledge extends beyond the M.A. level.
The information that follows is meant to draw the thematic boundaries
of the examination, and to orient prospective students. The comments
following names of authors and titles of books indicate the degree
of knowledge expected.
poetry, fiction and drama in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
As to the history of English literature after World War II, there
are no special requirements for students who graduated at ELTE
before 1991 as their final examination covered that period. Those
who completed the M.A. course according to the curricula introduced
after 1990 are free to choose the phase(s) of postwar literature
they wish to concentrate on. The following authors are particularly
relevant: (fiction) Kingsley
Amis, William Golding, Doris Lessing, Iris Murdoch, Lawrence Durrell,
Alan Sillitoe, John Fowles, Anthony Burgess, David Storey; (poetry)
Philip Larkin, Ted Hughes, Seamus Heaney, Tony Harrison, Douglas
Dunn; (drama) Samuel Beckett, Harold Pinter, John Osborne, Tom
Stoppard, Edward Bond, Arnold Wesker, Brian Friel. Familiarity
with the work of at least one author in each genre is required.
literature in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as laid down
in the curriculum for the M. A. in English Literature; practically,
from Transcendentalism to the present. An M.A. in American Studies
is welcome, but not required. Applicants with an M. A. in American
Studies must be familiar with authors, movements, trends in English
literature if these played a part in American literary history
(Coleridge’s criticism, Carlyle’s philosophy, Matthew
Arnold’s cultural criticism, Yeats and symbolism, Imagism
and its American representatives, Joyce, Virginia Woolf and the
experimental novel). M.A.-level knowledge of American authors
included in the English canon — such as Henry James and
T. S. Eliot is also assumed.
2. Theory and criticism
information below is intended for applicants for both the English
and the American Literature Ph.D. courses.
following authors as well as the schools of criticism and theory
they represent form a central part of the examination. Applicants
are not expected to be equally well-informed about them all; instead,
they are advised to choose from among them according to their
own orientation and prospective dissertation. The anthologies
listed below contain the basic texts.
William James, Henri Bergson, Sigmund Freud, C. G. Jung
Henry James, W. B. Yeats, T. S. Eliot, E. M. Forster, Virginia Woolf
I. A. Richards, William Empson, W. K. Wimsatt, Jr., Monroe C. Beardsley,
Mark Schorer, Ian Watt, Wayne Booth, Mikhail Bakhtin
Edmund Wilson, Lionel Trilling, Marshall McLuhan
René Wellek, M. H. Abrams
Georg Lukács, Raymond Williams, Fredric Jameson, Terry Eagleton
Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, E. D. Hirsch, Roland Barthes, Jacques
Derrida, Michel Foucault, J. Hillis Miller, Stanley
Fish, Elaine Showalter, Paul de Man
Adams, Hazard. Critical Theory since
Plato. Rev. ed. Fort Worth, 1992.
Adams, Hazard & Leroy Searle. Critical
Theory since 1965. Tallahassee, Florida, 1986.
Ellmann, Richard & Charles Feidelson, Jr. The Modern Tradition: Backgrounds of Modern Literature. New York,
Lodge, David. 20th Century Literary
Criticism: A Reader. London, 1972.
Modern Criticism and Theory:
A Reader. London, 1988.
Demonstration of knowledge in excess of the above is of course welcome.
Of those not included in the list, the work of two American critics,
Van Wyck Brooks and F. O. Matthiessen, and of the English critic
F. R. Leavis, is particularly illuminating.
Knowledge of the basics of versification (metre and form) both in English
and Hungarian is assumed. The following books offer an introduction.
Attridge, Derek. Poetic Rhythm: An Introduction.
Ferencz, Győző. Gyakorlati verstan és
verstani gyakorlatok. Budapest, 1994.
Fraser, G. S. Metre, Rhyme, and Free
Verse. London, 1970.
Leech, Geoffrey N. A Linguistic Guide
to English Poetry. London, 1969.
Lennard, John. The Poetry Handbook:
A Guide to Reading Poetry for Pleasure and Practical Criticism.
Szepes, Erika—István Szerdahelyi. Verstan. Budapest, 1981.
3. Literary history
The list that follows is made up books discussing important theoretical
and historical problems of twentieth-century and — to a
lesser extent — nineteenth-century English and American
literature. Familiarity with two or three, of the applicant’s
own choice, is expected.
Aaron, Daniel. Writers on the Left.
Oxford, 1977 (1963).
Abrams, M. H. Natural Supernaturalism:
Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature. New York,
Abádi Nagy, Zoltán. Válság és komikum. A hatvanas évek amerikai regénye. Budapest, 1982.
Az amerikai minimalista próza. Budapest, 1994.
Balakian, Anna, ed. The Symbolist
Movement in the Literature of European Languages. Budapest,
1984. (Only the essays on English literature)
Bergonzi, Bernard. The Situation
of the Novel. London, 1970.
Bigsby, C. W. E. A Critical Introduction
to Twentieth-Century American Drama. I–II. Cambridge,
Writers in Conversation with
Christopher Bigsby. Vols. 1–2. Norwhich, 2000.
Bradbury, Malcolm and Howard Temperley, eds. Introduction to American Studies. London, 1981.
Bradbury, Malcolm. The Modern British
Novel. London, 1993.
Brustein, Robert. The Theatre of
Revolt. London, 1965.
Cunningham, Valentine. British Writers
of the Thirties. Oxford, 1988.
Daiches, David. The Novel and
the Modern World. Chicago, 1939.
Dávidházi, Péter. The Romantic Cult
of Shakespeare: Literary Reception in Anthropological Perspective.
New York, 1998.
Davidson, Donald, John Gould Fletcher, et al. I’ll Take My Stand:
The South and the Agrarian Tradition Baton Rouge, 1977 (1930).
Dietrich, Richard F. British Drama
1890–1950. Boston, 1989.
Egri, Péter. The Birth of American
Tragedy. Budapest, 1988.
Esslin, Martin. The Theatre of the
Absurd. Harmondsworth, 1968 (1961).
Friedman, Alan. The Turn of the Novel.
New York, 1966.
Humphrey, Robert. Stream of Consciousness
in the Modern Novel. Los Angeles, 1954.
Hynes, Samuel: The Edwardian Turn
of Mind. Princeton, 1968.
Auden Generation: Literature and Politics in England in the
1930’s. London, 1976.
Innes, Christopher. Modern British
Drama 1890–1990. Cambridge, 1992.
Paley, Morton D. Apocalypse and Millennium
in English Romantic Poetry. Oxford, 1999.
Péter, Ágnes. Roppant szivárvány.
A romantikus látásmódról. Budapest, 1996.
Perkins, David. The History of Modern
Poetry. I–II. Cambridge, Mass., 1976, 1987.
Poirier, Richard. The Renewal of
Literature: Emersonian Reflections.
New York, 1987.
Rabinowitz, Rubin. The Reaction against
Experiment in the English Novel 1950–60. New York, 1967.
Rajan, Tilottama. The Supplement
of Reading. Figures of Understanding in Romantic Theory and Practice.
Sarbu, Aladár. The Reality of Appearances:
Vision and Representation in Emerson, Hawthorne, and Melville.
Scholes, Robert. Fabulation and Metafiction.
Elements of Fiction. New York, 1968.
Miklós. Valósághűség és
képzelet. Modern Filológiai Füzetek. 23. Budapest, 1975.
Takács, Ferenc. T. S. Eliot and the
Language of Poetry. Budapest, 1989.
Taylor, J. R. Anger and After: A
Guide to the New British Drama. London, 1969 (1962).
Virágos, Zsolt. A négerség és az
amerikai irodalom. Budapest, 1975.
Waugh, Patricia. Metafiction: The
Theory and Practice of Self-Conscious Fiction. London, 1984.
Wilson, Edmund, ed. The Shock of
Recognition: The Development of Literature in the United States.
Recorded by the Men who made it. I–II. New York, 1975